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Version: 1.2

Output/Working directory

Β Example (Click Here)

Hydra solves the problem of your needing to specify a new output directory for each run, by creating a directory for each run and executing your code within that working directory.

The working directory is used to:

  • Store the output for the application (For example, a database dump file)
  • Store the Hydra output for the run (Configuration, Logs etc)

Every time you run the app, a new working directory is created:

Python file: my_app.py

import os
from omegaconf import DictConfig

@hydra.main()
def my_app(cfg: DictConfig) -> None:
print("Working directory : {}".format(os.getcwd()))

$ python my_app.py
Working directory : /home/omry/dev/hydra/outputs/2019-09-25/15-16-17

$ python my_app.py
Working directory : /home/omry/dev/hydra/outputs/2019-09-25/15-16-19

Let's take a look at one of the working directories:

$ tree outputs/2019-09-25/15-16-17
outputs/2019-09-25/15-16-17
β”œβ”€β”€ .hydra
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ config.yaml
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ hydra.yaml
β”‚ └── overrides.yaml
└── my_app.log

We have the Hydra output directory (.hydra by default), and the application log file. Inside the Hydra output directory we have:

  • config.yaml: A dump of the user specified configuration
  • hydra.yaml: A dump of the Hydra configuration
  • overrides.yaml: The command line overrides used

And in the main output directory:

  • my_app.log: A log file created for this run

Disable changing current working dir to job's output dir​

By default, Hydra's @hydra.main decorator makes a call to os.chdir before passing control to the user's decorated main function. Set hydra.job.chdir=False to disable this behavior.

# check current working dir
$ pwd
/home/omry/dev/hydra

# working dir remains the same
$ python my_app.py hydra.job.chdir=False
Working directory : /home/omry/dev/hydra

# output dir and files are still created, even if `chdir` is disabled:
$ tree -a outputs/2021-10-25/09-46-26/
outputs/2021-10-25/09-46-26/
β”œβ”€β”€ .hydra
β”‚Β Β  β”œβ”€β”€ config.yaml
β”‚Β Β  β”œβ”€β”€ hydra.yaml
β”‚Β Β  └── overrides.yaml
└── my_app.log

Changing or disabling Hydra's output subdir​

You can change the .hydra subdirectory name by overriding hydra.output_subdir. You can disable its creation by overriding hydra.output_subdir to null.

Accessing the original working directory in your application​

With hydra.job.chdir=True, you can still access the original working directory by importing get_original_cwd() and to_absolute_path() in hydra.utils:

from hydra.utils import get_original_cwd, to_absolute_path

@hydra.main()
def my_app(_cfg: DictConfig) -> None:
print(f"Current working directory : {os.getcwd()}")
print(f"Orig working directory : {get_original_cwd()}")
print(f"to_absolute_path('foo') : {to_absolute_path('foo')}")
print(f"to_absolute_path('/foo') : {to_absolute_path('/foo')}")

if __name__ == "__main__":
my_app()
$ python examples/tutorial/8_working_directory/original_cwd.py
Current working directory  : /Users/omry/dev/hydra/outputs/2019-10-23/10-53-03
Original working directory : /Users/omry/dev/hydra
to_absolute_path('foo') : /Users/omry/dev/hydra/foo
to_absolute_path('/foo') : /foo

The name of the generated working directories can be customized.