Skip to main content
Version: Next


Hydra is highly configurable. Many of its aspects and subsystems can be configured, including:

  • The Launcher
  • The Sweeper
  • Logging
  • Output directory patterns
  • Application help (--help and --hydra-help)

The Hydra config can be customized using the same methods you are already familiar with from the tutorial. You can include some Hydra config snippet in your own config to override it directly, or compose in different configurations provided by plugins or by your own code. You can also override everything in Hydra from the command line just like with your own configuration.

The Hydra configuration itself is composed from multiple config files. here is a partial list:

- job_logging : default # Job's logging config
- launcher: basic # Launcher config
- sweeper: basic # Sweeper config
- output: default # Output directory

You can view the Hydra config structure here.

You can view the Hydra config using --cfg hydra:

$ python --cfg hydra (Click to expand)
dir: outputs/${now:%Y-%m-%d}/${now:%H-%M-%S}
dir: multirun/${now:%Y-%m-%d}/${now:%H-%M-%S}
subdir: ${hydra.job.num}
_target_: hydra._internal.core_plugins.basic_launcher.BasicLauncher
_target_: hydra._internal.core_plugins.basic_sweeper.BasicSweeper
max_batch_size: null
version: 1

Accessing the Hydra config​

The Hydra config is large. To reduce clutter in your own config it's being deleted from the config object Hydra is passing to the function annotated by @hydra.main().

There are two ways to access the Hydra config:

In your config, using the hydra resolver:​

config_name: ${}

Pay close attention to the syntax: The resolver name is hydra, and the key is passed after the colon.

In your code, using the HydraConfig singleton.​

from hydra.core.hydra_config import HydraConfig

def my_app(cfg: DictConfig) -> None:

Top-level Hydra settings​

The following fields are present at the top level of the Hydra Config.


The hydra.job node is used for configuring some aspects of your job. Below is a short summary of the fields in hydra.job. You can find more details in the Job Configuration page.

Fields under hydra.job:

  • name : Job name, defaults to the Python file name without the suffix. can be overridden.
  • override_dirname : Pathname derived from the overrides for this job
  • chdir: If True, Hydra calls os.chdir(output_dir) before calling back to the user's main function. See the Output/Working directory tutorial.
  • id : Job ID in the underlying jobs system (SLURM etc)
  • num : job serial number in sweep
  • config_name : The name of the config used by the job (Output only)
  • env_set: Environment variable to set for the launched job
  • env_copy: Environment variable to copy from the launching machine
  • config: fine-grained configuration for job​

Used in single-run mode (i.e. when the --multirun command-line flag is omitted). See configuration for run.

  • dir: used to specify the output directory.


Used in multi-run mode (i.e. when the --multirun command-line flag is given) See configuration for multirun.

  • dir: used to specify the output directory common to all jobs in the multirun sweep
  • subdir: used to specify the a pattern for creation of job-specific subdirectory


Fields under hydra.runtime are populated automatically and should not be overridden.

  • version: Hydra's version
  • cwd: Original working directory the app was executed from
  • output_dir: This is the directory created by Hydra for saving logs and yaml config files, as configured by customizing the working directory pattern.
  • choices: A dictionary containing the final config group choices.
  • config_sources: The final list of config sources used to compose the config.


Fields under hydra.overrides are populated automatically and should not be overridden.

  • task: Contains a list of the command-line overrides used, except hydra config overrides. Contains the same information as the .hydra/overrides.yaml file. See Output/Working directory.
  • hydra: Contains a list of the command-line hydra config overrides used.

Resolvers provided by Hydra​

Hydra provides the following OmegaConf resolvers by default.

hydra: Interpolates into the hydra config node. e.g. Use ${} to get the Hydra job name.

now: Creates a string representing the current time using strftime. e.g. for formatting the time you can use something like${now:%H-%M-%S}.

python_version: Return a string representing the runtime python version by calling sys.version_info. Takes an optional argument of a string with the values major, minor or macro. e.g:

default: ${python_version:}          # 3.8
major: ${python_version:major} # 3
minor: ${python_version:minor} # 3.8
micro: ${python_version:micro} # 3.8.2

Additionally hydra supports OmegaConf custom resolvers

You can learn more about OmegaConf here.